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How do Penguins Eat?

Adelie penguins chick waiting for food from the mother

Penguins are marine flightless birds that usually have the same diet of many other seabirds. Penguins’ diet includes small fish, squid, and crustaceans. It is not a hard task for the penguins to eat their prey. They have a hook-shaped bill which can catch hold of the prey without letting them slip down.

There is also spiky bristle that faces back towards the throat which can effortlessly help in clutching the dinner to swallow. Penguins eat their food when they are in the ocean underwater.

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How Might Penguins Be Able to Survive at the Equator

galapagos islands

The Galapagos penguin that lives in the north of the equator, this small species is confined to the Galapagos Islands, which are on both sides of the equator. It has few degrees of latitude.

The Galapagos penguins are closely related to the other temperature penguins that live on the coasts of Africa, and South America and are more distantly related to the Antarctic penguins. These Galapagos species can survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands.  In Antarctica, cold and productive water travels from the Antarctica Ocean via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.

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How Do Penguins Keep Their Eggs Warm?

gentoo baby penguins eggs

The female and male penguin’s first bond and then mate to lay an egg the size of a softball on the ice in midwinter. The male thrusts the egg up onto his feet, where it is protected and cushioned by the male’s “brood patch,” a warm fold of feathers and his bulging stomach which rests atop the feet. The egg remains in that place for 9 weeks until it hatches during the coldest months of the Antarctic winter.

Both female and male penguins protect their eggs and newly hatched chicks by enveloping them under a fold of body skin. During the reproductive cycle of the first part the mother penguin has to fast, but after eggs are laid, they go away to fatten them.

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Do Penguins Live in Igloos? How Do They Make Them If They Do?

igloo

No, Penguins do not live in igloos. The people who traditionally made igloos are the Inuit, who live in far Greenland and north of North America, where there are no penguins. There are also no people native to Antarctica, where some penguins live but not all.

Igloos are made by slicing thick snow into bricks and then stacking them in a specific manner. Since penguins don’t have knives or hands or saws, a penguin would have a hard time building an igloo, even if it was intellectually capable of it.

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How Long Can Penguins Stay Underwater?

Dense Feathers Help Penguins Stay Underwater for Longer Time

Penguins can dive up to 500 m deep in the water, but how long can penguins stay underwater? The answer varies from different species and the weather conditions under which the penguins are making the dive. There are several other factors that come into play when you want to know about the diving duration of penguins. In this article, we are going to take a look at some factors that decide the diving duration of penguin and why penguins are such accomplish divers.

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How Are Penguins Not Extinct?

Little penguin

Penguins are the beautiful flightless bird which is always an attraction to the eyes of the people that glimpse the waddling cute little creatures.

Below are the reasons how penguins are not extinct.

Relocating:

Due to global warming, the penguins move to the Antarctic Polar Front in search of food and a good place to lay eggs and form a new habitat. By moving from one difficult place to other better place for survival. Since they have the good ability to swim long distance the movement is made reachable. Sometime the relocation may lead to the destruction of the eggs and the chicks due to lack of nutrients.

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How Do Penguins Stay Warm?

Penguins staying warm in group

Some of the penguins live in icy places like the Antarctic region where the temperature of the water never increases beyond the freezing points. Certain species of the penguin lives in the North. However, maximum of the penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere.

These flightless birds that live on the ice and ice packed oceans but have you ever think that how do penguins stay warm? How do they survive in such killing weather and temperature?

We know there are lots of people there who want to see the answer to all these questions. We will surely explain to you the answer in detail, but for this, you have to read the below article first.

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How Fast Can Penguins Swim?

Penguin swimming under water

Have you ever wondered that how fast can penguins swim?

Well! Penguins are an incredible creation of the god that lives in the southern hemisphere. These aquatic birds have some unusual traits that make them different from the other birds.

You can’t imagine that the penguins can swim more quickly than a human swimmer. Do you want to know that how fast they can swim?

In the below article, you will get to know the answer to all your questions in detail.

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How Long Can Penguins Hold Their Breath?

Penguins exploring coast

Penguins are the beautiful seabirds that are rare to see, and that is the reason why lots of people have queries about their habitat and living style. It is true that penguins cannot fly, but they are excellent swimmers under the water. So, how long can penguins hold their breath there?

The time of holding the breath varies with the size and category of the penguins. To know the answer in detail, you need to read the below article where we will tell you about the breath holding timings of the penguins and also share with you some valuable info regarding the same.

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How Much Do Penguins Weigh?

Gentoo Penguins

According to the ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), there are about 19 different species of penguin; all these species of penguins weigh different.

Penguins weigh from a range of 2 to 90 pounds depending on the species of the penguin and the stage of their breeding cycle. The little blue penguins are found near the coast of Australia and New Zealand. They are the smallest and weigh up to 2 or 3 pounds.

The emperor penguins that are found in the Antarctic is the most significant and the largest species of penguin. Sometimes they stand tall at the height of up to 36 to 44 inches or 91.44 to 111.76 cm and weigh between 60 and 90 pounds or 27.21 up to 40.82 kg.

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