Penguins spend their maximum of life in the ocean. Even though they are flightless marine birds; they are efficient swimmers. Penguins swim with the help of their flippers which acts as also wings in the water. The waterproof feathers protect the penguins from the harsh cold and keep them out of wet.
The other main contribution to swimming is their body structure; the streamlined torpedo-shaped body aids them to swim precisely and smoothly.
The way penguins swim in water is almost similar to that they fly in the water. While waddling on land, penguins appear to be funny and clumsy; whereas, in water penguins swim fast spectacularly with a lot of grace.
When you look up the biological classification of a penguin, you will observe that they are classified as marine birds. But how are penguins different from other birds? Well, there are many ways in which penguins share their physical characteristics with other birds. But at the same time, penguins are different from birds in many ways. These differences don’t mean that penguins are not birds, they are simply birds of a different kind and their habitat and way of living is uncommon for most birds.
In this article, we are going to take a look at some of the ways in which penguins are different from other birds.Continue reading
Penguins live in some of the most inhospitable regions of the world. Even in these regions, penguins have predators in water and on land. Have you ever thought how do penguins protect themselves from predators? Well, penguins have evolved to develop several strategies that give them an advantage against predators that might be looking to hunt the penguins or their chicks.Continue reading
Penguins are flightless aquatic birds. Though they are birds they have much unique behavior from other birds. But as any other birds, penguins kiss using their beaks. The penguins rub their beak on their mates or show their love in the action of preening the feathers. The behavior of kissing amongst penguins is most common among other species of birds.Continue reading
Seeing the cute and cuddly penguins in harsh weather locations like Antarctica often brings this question to mind, how do penguins adapt to their environment? While some penguins like the emperor penguins stay in Antarctica through the harsh winter, other penguins like Galapagos penguins live in a moderate climate where they have adapted to the location they live in. There are several ways in which penguins have adapted to live in varying levels of adverse conditions.Continue reading
Penguins are flightless seabirds. There are a total of 17 living species of penguins. As any other birds, penguins also lay eggs. Female King Penguins and Emperor Penguins lay around one egg at a time whereas Adelie and other crested penguins are said to lay two eggs in one time. Little penguins also called as fairy penguins and African penguins sometimes lay three eggs at a time.
Each species of penguins are unique in characters, appearance and behaviors. Penguins’ breeding season also depends on the species and the region where they live. The annual breeding season of all the penguin species will be from spring through summer.
Penguins are marine flightless birds that usually have the same diet of many other seabirds. Penguins’ diet includes small fish, squid, and crustaceans. It is not a hard task for the penguins to eat their prey. They have a hook-shaped bill which can catch hold of the prey without letting them slip down.
There is also spiky bristle that faces back towards the throat which can effortlessly help in clutching the dinner to swallow. Penguins eat their food when they are in the ocean underwater.
The Galapagos penguin that lives in the north of the equator, this small species is confined to the Galapagos Islands, which are on both sides of the equator. It has few degrees of latitude.
The Galapagos penguins are closely related to the other temperature penguins that live on the coasts of Africa, and South America and are more distantly related to the Antarctic penguins. These Galapagos species can survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands. In Antarctica, cold and productive water travels from the Antarctica Ocean via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.
The female and male penguin’s first bond and then mate to lay an egg the size of a softball on the ice in midwinter. The male thrusts the egg up onto his feet, where it is protected and cushioned by the male’s “brood patch,” a warm fold of feathers and his bulging stomach which rests atop the feet. The egg remains in that place for 9 weeks until it hatches during the coldest months of the Antarctic winter.
Both female and male penguins protect their eggs and newly hatched chicks by enveloping them under a fold of body skin. During the reproductive cycle of the first part the mother penguin has to fast, but after eggs are laid, they go away to fatten them.
No, Penguins do not live in igloos. The people who traditionally made igloos are the Inuit, who live in far Greenland and north of North America, where there are no penguins. There are also no people native to Antarctica, where some penguins live but not all.
Igloos are made by slicing thick snow into bricks and then stacking them in a specific manner. Since penguins don’t have knives or hands or saws, a penguin would have a hard time building an igloo, even if it was intellectually capable of it.