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How are Penguins Different from Other Birds

Penguins Are Different from Birds as they have Solid Bones

When you look up the biological classification of a penguin, you will observe that they are classified as marine birds. But how are penguins different from other birds? Well, there are many ways in which penguins share their physical characteristics with other birds. But at the same time, penguins are different from birds in many ways. These differences don’t mean that penguins are not birds, they are simply birds of a different kind and their habitat and way of living is uncommon for most birds.

In this article, we are going to take a look at some of the ways in which penguins are different from other birds.

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How do Penguins Adapt to their Environment

Blubber Helps Penguins to Adapt to Cold Environment

Seeing the cute and cuddly penguins in harsh weather locations like Antarctica often brings this question to mind, how do penguins adapt to their environment? While some penguins like the emperor penguins stay in Antarctica through the harsh winter, other penguins like Galapagos penguins live in a moderate climate where they have adapted to the location they live in. There are several ways in which penguins have adapted to live in varying levels of adverse conditions.

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How Many Eggs do Penguins Lay?

African penguin laying an egg

Penguins are flightless seabirds. There are a total of 17 living species of penguins. As any other birds, penguins also lay eggs. Female King Penguins and Emperor Penguins lay around one egg at a time whereas Adelie and other crested penguins are said to lay two eggs in one time. Little penguins also called as fairy penguins and African penguins sometimes lay three eggs at a time.

Each species of penguins are unique in characters, appearance and behaviors. Penguins’ breeding season also depends on the species and the region where they live. The annual breeding season of all the penguin species will be from spring through summer.

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How do Penguins Eat?

Adelie penguins chick waiting for food from the mother

Penguins are marine flightless birds that usually have the same diet of many other seabirds. Penguins’ diet includes small fish, squid, and crustaceans. It is not a hard task for the penguins to eat their prey. They have a hook-shaped bill which can catch hold of the prey without letting them slip down.

There is also spiky bristle that faces back towards the throat which can effortlessly help in clutching the dinner to swallow. Penguins eat their food when they are in the ocean underwater.

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How Might Penguins Be Able to Survive at the Equator

galapagos islands

The Galapagos penguin that lives in the north of the equator, this small species is confined to the Galapagos Islands, which are on both sides of the equator. It has few degrees of latitude.

The Galapagos penguins are closely related to the other temperature penguins that live on the coasts of Africa, and South America and are more distantly related to the Antarctic penguins. These Galapagos species can survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands.  In Antarctica, cold and productive water travels from the Antarctica Ocean via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.

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How Do Penguins Keep Their Eggs Warm?

gentoo baby penguins eggs

The female and male penguin’s first bond and then mate to lay an egg the size of a softball on the ice in midwinter. The male thrusts the egg up onto his feet, where it is protected and cushioned by the male’s “brood patch,” a warm fold of feathers and his bulging stomach which rests atop the feet. The egg remains in that place for 9 weeks until it hatches during the coldest months of the Antarctic winter.

Both female and male penguins protect their eggs and newly hatched chicks by enveloping them under a fold of body skin. During the reproductive cycle of the first part the mother penguin has to fast, but after eggs are laid, they go away to fatten them.

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Do Penguins Live in Igloos? How Do They Make Them If They Do?

igloo

No, Penguins do not live in igloos. The people who traditionally made igloos are the Inuit, who live in far Greenland and north of North America, where there are no penguins. There are also no people native to Antarctica, where some penguins live but not all.

Igloos are made by slicing thick snow into bricks and then stacking them in a specific manner. Since penguins don’t have knives or hands or saws, a penguin would have a hard time building an igloo, even if it was intellectually capable of it.

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How Long Can Penguins Stay Underwater?

Dense Feathers Help Penguins Stay Underwater for Longer Time

Penguins can dive up to 500 m deep in the water, but how long can penguins stay underwater? The answer varies from different species and the weather conditions under which the penguins are making the dive. There are several other factors that come into play when you want to know about the diving duration of penguins. In this article, we are going to take a look at some factors that decide the diving duration of penguin and why penguins are such accomplish divers.

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