Penguins are marine flightless birds that usually have the same diet of many other seabirds. Penguins’ diet includes small fish, squid, and crustaceans. It is not a hard task for the penguins to eat their prey. They have a hook-shaped bill which can catch hold of the prey without letting them slip down.
There is also spiky bristle that faces back towards the throat which can effortlessly help in clutching the dinner to swallow. Penguins eat their food when they are in the ocean underwater.
The Galapagos penguin that lives in the north of the equator, this small species is confined to the Galapagos Islands, which are on both sides of the equator. It has few degrees of latitude.
The Galapagos penguins are closely related to the other temperature penguins that live on the coasts of Africa, and South America and are more distantly related to the Antarctic penguins. These Galapagos species can survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands. In Antarctica, cold and productive water travels from the Antarctica Ocean via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.
The female and male penguin’s first bond and then mate to lay an egg the size of a softball on the ice in midwinter. The male thrusts the egg up onto his feet, where it is protected and cushioned by the male’s “brood patch,” a warm fold of feathers and his bulging stomach which rests atop the feet. The egg remains in that place for 9 weeks until it hatches during the coldest months of the Antarctic winter.
Both female and male penguins protect their eggs and newly hatched chicks by enveloping them under a fold of body skin. During the reproductive cycle of the first part the mother penguin has to fast, but after eggs are laid, they go away to fatten them.
Some of the penguins live in icy places like the Antarctic region where the temperature of the water never increases beyond the freezing points. Certain species of the penguin lives in the North. However, maximum of the penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere.
These flightless birds that live on the ice and ice packed oceans but have you ever think that how do penguins stay warm? How do they survive in such killing weather and temperature?
We know there are lots of people there who want to see the answer to all these questions. We will surely explain to you the answer in detail, but for this, you have to read the below article first.
If you have seen penguins in a zoo or on TV, you might have wondered how do penguins communicate. There are many ways for penguins to communicate and they are expressive birds that make use of body language, vocalization and different types of vocal tones to express how they are feeling. Penguins can get quite aggressive if another penguin is trying to steal their mate, their nesting place or their eggs.
An interesting question amongst children and penguin lovers, how do penguins sleep? As a human, penguins also has the habit of taking a small nap after exhaustion of manual labor. They dive, swim and jump which naturally make their body require some rest.
These bulky beauties, unfortunately, don’t enjoy a long sleep time when they are in the Antarctic, unlike the ones in the aquarium.
They keep themselves in a vigil to avoid the threat from the predators. Usually, their nap last for few minutes, not more than that, no matter where they are.
They sleep for longer sessions when they are in the land during the night. Here, in this page, let us see the ways how the mighty penguins sleep.