The Southern Hemisphere is home for some birds know as the penguins. Primarily they reside in the Antarctic; penguins can be found migrating to the southern tip of South Africa, Australia, and South America.
Many penguin species have lived in the northern hemisphere during the past. Several research centers tried to introduce penguins into the Arctic environment during the 19th century. However, due to the reason of predating, Penguins could not defend the eggs in their nest, and the entire populace died out after a couple of years.
The Galapagos penguin that lives in the north of the equator, this small species is confined to the Galapagos Islands, which are on both sides of the equator. It has few degrees of latitude.
The Galapagos penguins are closely related to the other temperature penguins that live on the coasts of Africa, and South America and are more distantly related to the Antarctic penguins. These Galapagos species can survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands. In Antarctica, cold and productive water travels from the Antarctica Ocean via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.