Galapagos penguins are named after the islands they are found on, and they are the only penguins that live on the equator. When one thinks of penguins living so far away from their natural habitat, one is forced to wonder, what do Galapagos penguins eat? The diet of these penguins varies according to the availability of food in their vicinity.
These penguins mostly eat small fish and krill, but they will also include crustaceans like squid in their diet to get a varied range of nutrients from their foods. Galapagos penguins mostly look for food close to their rookeries, but if they have to swim farther from their nesting places, it can impact the health of their chicks.
Penguins live in some of the most inhospitable environments on the planet, and they mostly hunt for food in the sea. But have you ever thought what kind of fish do penguins eat? Well, the answer varies according to the species of penguin. There are around 18-19 species of penguins, and all of them are found in the southern hemisphere.
While some penguins live in the harsh Antarctic regions, other penguins live in the colder regions near the equator like the coasts of Africa and Galapagos islands. All of these penguins eat different kinds of fish that is available in their region. Also, penguins tend to eat more fish when they are tending to chicks as they are responsible for the feeding management of their offspring too.
Macaroni penguins are one amongst the six species of crested penguins. They have distinct yellow-orange hair over the head; the eyes of macaroni penguins are red. They have pink feet and orange beak. Like any other penguin species, macaroni penguins are flightless carnivore birds. They prey on small aquatic animals.
Macaroni penguins live in Sub-Antarctic islands. They are the largely populated penguins which are estimated to be above 18 million individuals. Macaroni penguins are the biggest and heaviest penguins that reach about 70 cm tall and they were recorded diving to the depth of 100 meters with their dive lasting up to 2 minutes.
African penguins are also called Jackass penguins or Black-footed penguins found in the southern part, South Africa. Like other penguins, African penguins are also carnivores. They prey mainly on small pelagic fish where, squid, krill, and crab are as an add-on to their diet.
They are medium-sized penguins that have a short and strong beak that can efficiently trap the prey without slipping. When it is penguins, every one of us thinks them living in a frigid atmosphere but African penguins are exceptions, they live in a warmer climate.
King penguins are majestic birds, but have you ever thought what do king penguins eat? As carnivores, king penguins primarily feed on small fish such as krill, squid, and lanternfish. Their dietary requirements are slightly different compared to other species of penguins.
The difference in the diet helps the penguins to survive by eating other kinds of fish in areas with growing penguin population. As the second largest penguin in size, only after emperor penguin, they need to eat a lot of fish to meet the energy demands of their body. King penguins measure around 70-100 cm and weigh anywhere from 11-16 kg.
Emperor penguins are one of the astonishing birds on the earth. They not only live in the winters of the Antarctic, but they breed at the time of most horrible weather environments on the planet. It is the biggest size penguin among the 18 other species. The life of these penguins is not more than 20 years, but some of them can live up to 40 years too.
Many of us have heard the joke related to the question, why don’t polar bears eat penguins? Apart from the joke, there are factual answers associated with the question.
Polar bears live in the Arctic at the North Pole whereas, penguins live in the Antarctic at the South Pole. They both are far away with pole distance from each other. The reason is why polar bears cannot prey on penguins. Polar bears are found to be the Arctic’s major marine predators.
As every living being, penguins are also in the food chain, where they are eaten by some animals for their living. So, the adorable penguins are not exceptional. The predators of penguins vary from region to region.
When they are on land they have a different group which preys on them and when they are in the ocean they are food for marine animals. Mostly in the target of the predators the sick and infant penguins are mostly attracted.