How Many Types of Penguins are There?

Emperor penguins

There are around 17 species of living penguins. There are other subspecies of penguins which are not added as a different type because of genetic similarity. Penguins live in the southern hemisphere whereas some species live in the Galapagos Islands near the equator.

Not every species of penguins live in Antarctica and frigid conditions. There are certain species which live in the temperate regions. The characteristics, features, size and look of the penguins varies from their habitation. Emperor penguins are the remarkable flightless marine bird which lives in Antarctica.

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Where do African Penguins Live?

Boulders Beach African Penguins

Ahead of the question whether penguins are found in Africa, now it’s time to know about the places where you can spot them in Africa. African penguins are most loved and popular species among tourists of Africa. They are banded penguins and share a similar color, characteristics like other close relatives like, Humboldt, Magellanic, and Galapagos penguins. African penguins are found only in the southwestern waters of Africa.

African penguins breed only in Africa and not an epidemic to other places except if it is captivated. They live in colonies of 24 islands between Namibia and Algoa Bay which are near Port Elizabeth. The islands bounded by are called as Penguin Islands.

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Penguin and Puffins

Puffins And Penguins Are Found in Different Parts of the World

If you looked at them from a distance, you might mistake a penguin for a puffin and vice versa, but there are many differences between the two animals. Even though, puffins might look similar to smaller penguins because of their size and color of their feathers, the similarities between the two end here. In this article, we are going to take a look at some of the differences between a penguin and a puffin so that next time you see either bird, you can tell if it’s a penguin or a puffin.

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How do Penguins Communicate?

Penguins Can Find Their Mate By Recognizing Vocal Patterns

If you have seen penguins in a zoo or on TV, you might have wondered how do penguins communicate. There are many ways for penguins to communicate and they are expressive birds that make use of body language, vocalization and different types of vocal tones to express how they are feeling. Penguins can get quite aggressive if another penguin is trying to steal their mate, their nesting place or their eggs.

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Do Penguins Have Hollow Bones?

Penguins swimming and surfacing effortlessly in the water

Birds have light and fewer bones, unlike mammals. Mammals have strong but many bones when compared to birds. When it comes to flightless birds, they have different bones from the birds that can fly. Flightless birds like penguins do not have hollow bones. Their bones are filled and solid which makes them swim in the water easily.

Other flightless birds have marrow-filled bones like emu, kiwi, ostrich, cassowary, rhea, elephant bird and moa. They fall under the name ratites.

Penguins lost their ability to fly due to evolution and change in environment. Not every flightless bird has solid bones. The extinct flightless bird “dodo” is one of the examples which have mostly hollow bones.

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How do Penguins Get Around?

King penguins

Penguins are adorable birds that are flightless and they waddle on land. They swim or almost fly in the water. Penguins slide on their bellies to move. Penguins are spectacular when they get around in the water by swimming or diving. Their waddling walk on land makes them a cuddly bird in the marine.

Swimming, walking, and sliding is their major ways of getting around. However, they do jump from one cliff or rock shelves to another. Their predominant way of moving is by swimming in the ocean.

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Are Penguins Monogamous?

Pair of Monogamous Penguins

Penguins are some of the most beautiful aquatic creatures that fascinate a lot of people across the world. A lot of romance-themed writers make references to the faithful relationships of penguins with their partners. These references are basically one of the reasons why so many people want to know whether or not penguins stick to one partner their entire lives.

An average penguin takes around 3-8 years to reach complete maturity. However, there are a lot of different smaller species in the penguin family where the penguins breeding starts at 3-4 years. The breeding season of penguins happens during spring all the way through summer every year.
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How Big are Penguins?

Emperor Penguins

Scientists calculate the penguin’s dimensions by scaling the sizes of its bones against those of modern penguin species. They estimate that the penguin probably would have weighed about 250 pounds. The largest species of penguin living today, the emperor penguin, is approximately 4 feet tall and can weigh as much as 100 pounds by comparison.

The oldest species of penguins whose fossil bones were uncovered in the Antarctic were about 37-million-years-old. These species were the largest that was ever discovered as its size is about 6 foot 8 inches. The mountainous birds were the Godzilla of aquatic birds and would have dwarfed most of the adult humans. These penguins were called the “Palaeeudyptes klekowskii.”

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What do Penguins do?

Food Penguins Eat

Penguins are instantly recognizable and our favorite birds. They spend up to 75% of their lives in the water searching for their food. They do all of their hunting in water. Their prey can be found within 60 feet of the surface, so penguins do not need to swim in deep water. They catch prey in their beaks and swallow them entirely as they swim. Some species only leave the water for breeding and molting.

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Do Polar Bears and Penguins Live Together ?

Polar Bear and cub in the Arctic

It is always good to see penguin and polar bear together in commercials and movies. But, in reality, they are pole apart, being separated from warm waters of the equator; polar bears live in the Arctic, Northern Hemisphere whereas, penguins live in Southern Hemisphere ranging from Galapagos to the Antarctic.

The cuddly appearance of both the species make them a good matter for advertisement to attract people especially kids. The other reason why the two adorable species are thought to live in the same place is that, the habitat of the cool icy atmosphere.

Polar bears cannot live in the warmer temperatures, but certain species of penguins like African and little penguins can live in tropical regions.

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